French manufacturer Armand Peugeot produced a steam-powered, three-wheeled automobile in 1889. Early Peugeots took second place in the 1894 Paris-to-Rouen endurance run and won the 1895 Paris-to-Bordeaux race. During the next 20 years, Peugeot became a major innovator by designing small, efficient cars, including the 'Bébé Peugeot,' one of the first 'mini' automobiles. Even more significant was Peugeot's development of powerful small-displacement engines that turned some Peugeots into giant-killers. The Peugeot that won at Indianapolis in 1913, 1916, and 1919 was powered by a revolutionary four-cylinder DOHC engine with four valves per cylinder. In an era when many racing cars were powered by monstrous slow-turning engines displacing 10 liters or more, this new 3-liter engine was a revelation, and influenced the Miller and Offenhauser engines that dominated Indianapolis for decades. In recent times, the Peugeot 905 Le Mans prototype won Le Mans in 1992 and 1993, and Peugeot built an impressive string of rally victories with a new generation of giant-killers. The 205 T16 Group B rally car won the World Rally Championship in 1985. A special AWD version of the Peugeot 206 won two World Rally driver championships and three successive Manufacturer championships in 2000-2002. Many future rally stars have driven Peugeot 106s and 206s to their first victories. Peugeot is one of a few car makers that can boast racing victories in three different centuries.

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